AskDefine | Define induration

Dictionary Definition

induration n : any pathological hardening or thickening of tissue [syn: sclerosis]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

Via French from Latin indurare ‘make hard’, from in- + durus ‘hard’.

Pronunciation

IPA: /ɪndjʊ'ɹeɪʃən/

Noun

  1. Hardness, or the process of becoming hard.
    • 1980. Anthony Burgess, Earthly Powers:
      The voice was harder than I had known, and not only in stony reaction to long floods of wholly just selfpity, also roughened with gin and smoke, perhaps also assimilated to New York induration, the hardness of culture as well as of pain.
  2. (a) Hardening of an area of the body as a reaction to inflammation, hyperemia, or neoplastic infiltration, or (b) An area or part of the body that has undergone such a reaction. Most often this term is used to describe dermatologic findings.
    • 2005. Kimura, et al. "Comparison of erythema and induration as results of tuberculin tests. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005;9(8):853-7. PMID 16104630:
      Both erythema and induration appear to be adequate indices of tuberculin sensitivity.
    • 2005. Race, et al. "Painful nodule with induration and spreading erythema." Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings. 2005;18(4):401–404:
      The erythema had spread to 20 cm, and the central induration had spread to 9 cm.

References

  • Induration, Merriam-Webster online.
  • Induation, In Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.'' Random House, Inc. 2001. Page 975. ISBN 037572026.

Extensive Definition

Induration (in'doo rā'shən, -dyoo-), a noun, means, in terms of pathology, (a) hardening of an area of the body as a reaction to inflammation, hyperemia, or neoplastic infiltration, or (b) an area or part of the body that has undergone such a reaction. Most often this term is used to describe dermatologic findings.

Examples of usage

"Induration appears to be an adequate indication of tuberculin sensitivity.Erythema can not be excluded, but is not a positive sign in and of itself."
"The erythema had spread to 20 mm, and the central induration had spread to 9 mm."
induration in German: Abhärtung
induration in French: Induration
induration in Portuguese: Induração

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Philistinism, armor, callosity, callousness, callus, flintiness, formidable defenses, hard heart, hard shell, hardenedness, hardheartedness, hardness, hardness of heart, heart of stone, imperviousness, insensitiveness, insensitivity, inuredness, obduracy, obdurateness, rhinoceros hide, stoniness, thick skin
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